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This fact sheet explains the present situation of sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Nepal. The Government of Nepal is committed to realizing rights and choices for all as evidenced by Nepal’s Safe Motherhood and Reproductive Health Rights Act 2018; its commitment to fully implement the ICPD Programme of Action at the Nairobi Summit last year; and its commitment to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Notwithstanding these commitments, however, progress in Nepal has been uneven and many women and girls in remote areas and from marginalized groups are unable to exercise their choice over their bodies, their lives and their futures. Around 1,200 women die every year during pregnancy and childbirth and nearly one in three rural women who want to delay or postpone pregnancy are not using a modern method of contraceptive – this figure is significantly higher in hard-to-reach populations in Nepal.