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Harmful practices can be defined as persistent behaviours that discriminate on the basis of sex, gender, age, caste/ethnicity, language, religion, amongst others. They leave women and people from excluded groups at risk of violence, poorer physical and psychological health, limited educational and economic outcomes, injuries, and even death. Notably, harmful practices are not isolated or random. They stem from deeply-rooted patriarchal, social, cultural and religious norms perpetuated throughout centuries that view women, as well as lower caste groups, as inferior.

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Every year, people across Nepal are subjected to violence, poor health outcomes, and death as a result of harmful practices. These practices stem from deeply embedded patriarchal norms and unequal power relations and are a significant barrier to the realization of human rights and equality in development outcomes, particularly for women and persons from excluded groups. Despite significant advancements in legislative and policy frameworks, harmful practices continue to pervade in Nepal.

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सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतान्त्रिक नेपालको सातवटा प्रदेशहरु मध्ये प्रदेश नं. २ सामाजिक, सांस्कृतिक, भौगोलिक, आर्थिक, जनसाङ्ख्यिक लगायतका दृष्टिकोणले विशिष्ट विशेषतायुक्त रहेको छ । यही तथ्यलाई प्रदेशको नीति तथा योजना आयोगले समग्र रुपान्तरणको मार्ग चित्र कोर्न नवीनतम् कार्यहरुको सुरुआत गरेको छ । आर्थिक समृद्धि हासिल गर्दै यहाँका जनताको समग्र जीवनस्तरमा कायापलट ल्याउने मार्गमा अग्रसरता प्रारम्भ गरेको छ । हरेक क्षेत्रका विकासका नयाँ नयाँ आधार सिर्जना गर्ने कार्य अगाडि वढिरहेको छ । यसैको एक पाइला प्रदेश नं. २ को जनसाङ्ख्यिक स्थितिको प्रकाशन हो ।

विकासका सम्पूर्ण क्रियाकलापको केन्द्रीयतामा जनसङ्ख्या नै रहेको हुन्छ । विकासका नीति योजना तयार गर्दा प्रदेशको जनसाङ्ख्यिक स्थिति, जनसङ्ख्या परिवर्तनका तत्व, जनसङ्ख्यासँग सम्वद्ध शिक्षा, स्वास्थ्य लगायत विविध सामाजिक पक्षहरु अति आवश्यक हुन्छन् । साथै प्रदेशको आर्थिक क्रियाकलापमा जनसङ्ख्याको सहभागिता तथा युवा जनसङ्ख्याको स्थिति लगायतका पक्षहरुले पनि त्यतिकै महत्व राख्छन् । यी महत्वपूर्ण तथ्य सहितको यथार्थ चित्रले मात्र प्रदेश तहमा योजना निर्माण तथा कार्यान्वयनमा सहजता प्रदान गर्छ । यी उद्देश्य राखि पहिलो पटक प्रदेश नं. २ को जनसाङ्ख्यिक स्थिति तयार पारिएको हो । 

This Demographic Profile of Province 2, prepared by of the Policy and Planning Commission with UNFPA's support, analyzes the existing demographic situation, including dimensions such as fertility, mortality and migration (relating to population growth) and population structures along with the projection of population for the provincial and palika level. This docoument is expected to help formulate effective policies, plans and programmes for sustainable development of Province 2.

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The year 2019 marks the 25th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. At the conference, 179 governments including Nepal adopted a visionary Programme of Action that called for women’s reproductive health and rights to take centre stage in national and global development efforts.

Since 1994, remarkable progress has been made in Nepal, but there are many women and girls who have not benefited from the promise of ICPD. These documents (in English and Nepali) highlight what's changed in Nepal since ICPD and the unfinished business as well as to give a momentum to the Nairobi Summit on ICPD25 in Kenya on 12-14 November that the Governments of Kenya and Denmark and UNFPA are co-convening.

The goal of this upcoming summit is to elicit commitments to end preventable maternal deaths, eliminate unmet need for modern contraceptive methods, and end gender-based violence and harmful practices against women and girls – as an indispensable part of Agenda 2030.

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नेपालको संविधानद्धारा प्रदत्त महिलाको सुरक्षित मातृत्व तथा प्रजनन स्वास्थ्य सम्बन्धी हकको सम्मान  संरक्षण र परिपूर्ति गर्नको लागि मातृत्व तथा प्रजनन स्वास्थ्य सेवालाई सुरक्षित, गणस्तरीय, सर्वसुलभ र पहुँच योग्य बनाउने सम्बन्धमा  आवश्यके व्यवस्थ गर्न वाञ्छनीय भएकोले सङ्घीय संसदले यो  ऐन बनाएको हो  ।

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Active in Nepal since 1971, UNFPA has supported the health-sector programme, enhanced the national response to gender-based violence, and implemented the population and housing census. Today, programmes support the subnational capacity for planning and managing population, gender and reproductive health programmes, and strategies in districts that have made slow progress in achieving the goals of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD).

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Kathmandu Declaration on: National Conference on Family Planning 2075: “Reaching the Unreached” 

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Access to safe, voluntary family planning is a human right. Family planning is the information, means and methods that allow individuals to decide if and when to have children. This IEC material has been prepared to increase awareness of family planning among Nepali couples and individuals

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This 8th Country Programme Document of UNFPA for Nepal, approved by the Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund and the United Nations Office for Project Services, will contribute to a transformative agenda to build a foundation for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The central goal is to reduce maternal mortality and expand reproductive rights and choices. All programme components are designed to support this goal by strengthening the capacities of the health system to target underserved communities with quality services, equipping young people especially adolescent girls with skills and information to make informed choices and prevent harmful practices, enhancing services to survivors of gender-based violence and empowering communities to support social change by challenging discriminatory harmful practices. Robust, disaggregated data will support targeting, planning, and advocacy. The programme will work from upstream policy to service delivery by building institutional capacities in the respective programme areas, and by building an enabling environment for the implementation of laws, policies and strategies and the fulfillment of human rights, with the flexibility to respond in humanitarian situations.

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At the core of this new UNDAF are the SDGs, the Government of Nepal’s Fourteenth Plan, and international commitments and norms to which Nepal is a party. Leaping off from the lessons learned from the previous UNDAF (2013-2017), this new framework builds upon successes, incorporates emerging issues and agreements, and serves to address Nepal’s larger economic, social, and environmental objectives. The four UNDAF outcomes weave together linked thematic areas: 1) Sustainable and Inclusive Economic Growth; 2) Social Development; 3) Resilience, Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change; and 4) Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights.

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