UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is the lead UN agency for delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe, and every young person's potential is fulfilled.
UNFPA expands the possibilities for women and young people to lead healthy and productive lives.
UNFPA in Nepal
UNFPA support to Nepal began in 1971 and has evolved in response to the changing national context. The current 7th Country Programme is part of the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), which is the strategic programme framework that describes the UN System’s collective response to national development priorities. The current programming cycle is from 2013 to 2017. The UN work is grounded in international human rights and gender equality principles.
UNFPA partners with the Government of Nepal, development partners, NGOs and civil society to advance its mission. Under the 7th Country Programme and in line with its mandate, UNFPA Nepal is working on these three areas:
Sexual and reproductive health and rights
UNFPA is supporting national efforts in Nepal to improve the sexual and reproductive health of the most marginalized adolescent girls and women. The Fund is largely focusing on youth aged 15-24 and the most marginalized women addressing both the demand and supply sides of reproductive health services to improve access to information and services on maternal health, family planning, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
UNFPA’s support to the Government of Nepal under this overarching theme seeks to ensure that vulnerable groups experience greater self-confidence, respect and dignity. We are building national capacity in the health sector to address gender-based violence (GBV), prevent child marriage and other harmful practices, and working to enhance the knowledge and capacity of men, women and communities to GBV.
Population mega trends at the national and sub-national levels in Nepal continued rapid population growth, population ageing, urbanization and migration — not only frame the entire development debate, they demand a reconsideration and re-conceptualization of what will be the main challenges for a new Nepal. Without adequate understanding of how Nepal is changing from a demographic perspective, forward-looking planning and agenda setting will be of little value.
Keeping this in mind, UNFPA Nepal is working with the government to ensure that national, sectoral and decentralized policies and plans address population dynamics and the interlinkages with gender equality, poverty reduction, the needs of young people, and reproductive health, including family planning.
In the immediate aftermath of the April 2015 earthquake the Fund, in coordination with the Ministry of Health and Population, the Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, and many other partners, reached out to the most vulnerable population in the 14 most-affected districts to deliver Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) services, with a special programme for adolescents, and to prevent and respond to Gender-Based Violence (GBV). UNFPA’s integrated RH and GBV response focused on conducting mobile Reproductive Health (RH) camps, supporting female-friendly spaces (FFS), delivering dignity kits, providing life-saving reproductive health equipment and supplies (RH Kits) and building the capacity of the health service providers. With the exception of one district (Sindhuli) these districts were not part of the regular UNFPA Country Programme. While most of the activities ended on or before December 2015, UNFPA will continue supporting selected additional districts in their transition to recovery and rehabilitation.