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Nepal has witnessed many important demographic changes since 1995 due to declining fertility and mortality rates, increasing life expectancy, increasing age at marriage and migration. New migration patterns within and outside the country have brought about structural changes in demography and human development. The census and national demographic and health surveys have unveiled different dynamics of population characteristics.
UNFPA Nepal is working with the government to address these dynamics that has inter linkages with the needs of young people (including adolescents), sexual and reproductive health (including family planning), gender equality and poverty reduction.

The focus in on improving data availability and analysis for evidence-based decision-making and policy formulation as well as strengthening capacity of relevant government ministries at national and subnational levels to address population dynamics and its interlink ages in policies, programmes and budgets.