Gender Equality & Human Rights

Despite political commitment and a supportive legal and policy framework, violence against women in Nepal remains a significant problem. In the 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), more than one in five women reported a lifetime experience of physical violence and more than one in 10 a lifetime experience of sexual violence. Nearly 1 in 10 adolescents aged 15-19 experienced physical violence during pregnancy.

Despite political commitment and a supportive legal and policy framework, violence against women in Nepal remains a significant problem. In the 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), more than one in five women reported a lifetime experience of physical violence and more than one in 10 a lifetime experience of sexual violence. Nearly 1 in 10 adolescents aged 15-19 experienced physical violence during pregnancy. Trafficking of girls for sex work is a particular problem; other specific forms of violence include dowry-related violence, child marriage, female infanticide, witchcraft accusations, widow abuse, polygamy Chhaupadi, Badi, Deuki, Jhuma, and Kamlari. Most women who experience violence do not seek help.

UNFPA Nepal is working with the government and partners to advance gender equality and reproductive rights, particularly through:

  • Strengthening national and subnational health-system capacity to respond to gender-based violence within a coordinated multi-sectoral response ;
  • Enhancing capacity of men and women to prevent gender-based violence and support women seeking multi-sectoral services on gender-based violence; and
  • Engaging communities in preventing child marriage and other practices that discriminate against and harm young women